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633.63:631.582 ..1), ..2), ..2), ..2) 1) , 2)- ...

Annotation

UDC 631.417:633.63.631.872

Seasonal dynamics of carbon of main humus groups in the arable layer of

soil under sugar beet with the use of straw as organic fertilizer

V.Bondarenko, O.Shykyryava, G.Sinchuk

The article deals with the results of studying seasonal dynamics of carbon

in the main humus groups in arable layer of podzolized chernozem during sugar

beet vegetation, with different systems of fertilizing and the use of traditional litter

manure and winter wheat straw as an organic fertilizer. It was established that with the use of straw as an organic fertilizer a transformation of applied organic substances is directed towards increasing both humus in soil arable layer and its stability which is testified by a tendency to increasing carbon compounds content of the group of humic acids and unhydrolyzed rest and also a tendency towards a more wide ratio of humic and fulvic acids on the humus composition.

633.63:631.582 ..1), ..2), ..2), ..2) 1) , 2)-

-² Ѳ̲Ͳ

- . 12 / + N465159 . 12 / + N465159 / () : 57,2; 190; 86,8%, : 78,3; 143;

104%.

. .

, . , . - -, , [1, 3].

, , , , , . - , , . ³ , .

, .

. - - - ³ , : - 4,2 %; - 120 /; 25 2 ׳ 140 78 / ; 5,8-6,2; r - 3,5 / 100 . : , , , , , , , , , . : , , , , , , , , , .

- : 1 ; 2 N465159; 3

N677590; 4 N92102118; 8 N465159 + 12 / ; 9 N677590 + 12 / . : 1

: 2 N465159; 4 N92102118; 8 N465159 + 12 / ; 9 N677590 + 12/ .

- . .. .. [3, 4].

. , . , N465159 1073,0, 363,0 961,0 / (. 1). , 261,5, 168,0 /, (. 2).

,

   

. , N465159 -87,45 / , -61,3 /, -63,7 -61,4 /, +14,05 +14,7 /. ³ , . , N92102118, -25,3 /, -7,8 /, -75,1 -40,6 /, +48,2 +65,7 /, .

   

- , , [3]. , 12 / + N46P51K59 , , , . +41,3 /, +41,95 /, -19,85 +5,55 /. 12 / + N92P102K118 , +1,25 +37,95 /, +64,7 +65,7 /, -48,50 -6,65 /, .

, . ˳ , , N92P102K118 [2]. ³ N46P51K59 34,5, 138, 48,0%, 42,8, 147,0 61,4 %.

³ - . - 12 / + N46P51K59 : 57,2, 190,0 86,8%, 78,36, 193,0 104,0%.

- , . ³ 10-20% , , , - 50%.




140 .


. 1. , .

2. - 12 / + N465159, 57,4, 140, 86,7%, : 95,0, 245, 130%.

3. , , - - 30-50%, , , - 50% - 10-20%.

1. .., .., .. ѳ, . // , .4. -- .: , .

2. . . - :. - 1990.

- . 219.

3. .., .. - ˳ // . - .: . - 2000. - . 4. - . 92-98.

4. .., .. // ³ .

2004. - 12. . 14.

   

.., .., .., .. .

12 / N465159 . 12 / + N465159 / : 57,2; 190; 86,8%, ; 78,3; 143; 104%.

   

The investigations have shown the influence of fertilizing system of grain-beet rotations on carry-over and balance of nutrient elements. The best balance of nutrient elements was found with the use of 12 t/ha manure + N465159 in the rotation with legume crops. With the use of 12 t/ha manure + N465159 kg/ha for a rotation, IB in a rotation with legume crops was: nitrogen 57.2%; phosphorus 190%; potassium 86.8%; and without legume crops 78.3%; 143%; and 104% respectively.



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.. ó . 2010. .1. . 54 911.9:574.2 .. ó , i. , . . , ...

² 24 , 2008 . 67 581.526:581.524 .. Ͳ ֲ вʲ IJ òВ .. // . . . . . , 2008. . 24. . 67-76. 18 . ...

. . .4 Բ-Բ вί Ҳ - ̻ , 2010 26.890(4-)72 502(47764)(072) 31 ...

̳ - -˲ - Dz ϲ ʲ (, ϲ̲ IJ) ( ) 2012 -: .. - , ...

IJ 6 636.2.084 Ͳ ̲ ̲ ֲ ²IJ -̲ܔ Ͳ вί Ҳ . , . .-. ., . , . . . .. . , ...

www.ifp.kiev.ua .. (2 2010). ( 150- ) [ ]. URL ftp://ftp1.ifp.kiev.ua/original/2010/prihodko2010.pdf . . ̲ Բ ( 150-в ² ) 㳿 . . ...

² 20 , 2004 . 71-75 502.7(477-924.52):630*2+502.53 .. ² ˲Ѳ-ֲ ˲ Ͳ .. // . . . . . , 2004. 20. . 71-75. ...

² ϳ. 6.06.12. 6084/16. . . . . . 23,48. . -. 23,72. .--. 23,6. 250 . . 09/2012 : - 79057, . , . , 103 .: (032) 240-23-50; 067-944-11-15 E-mail: nauk.visnyk@gmail.com 1994 . 22.9...

. . 1 619:616.31:665.347.8.004.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . - ˲ Բ ղ вͲ , 볿 , 볿 䳿...

̲Ͳ ’ ֲ ̲ ֲ Dzв ò Ͳ . . Ȕ ί ҲҲ ̲в Ҳ 1- 2- в ٲ Ͳ MGIT ( ) 2011 ̲Ͳ ’ ֲ ̲ ֲ ...




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