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STUDIA METHODOLOGICA No 36 Founded in 1993 Ternopil All rights reserved STUDIA No part of this journal may be reprinted or reproduced without permission in writing from METHODOLOGICA ...

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Volodymyr Hnatyuk National Pedagogic University of Ternopil

Center of Narrative and Anthropological Studies

Department of Literary Theory and Comparative Literature

ISSN 2307-1222

STUDIA

METHODOLOGICA

No 36

Founded in 1993

Ternopil

All rights reserved

STUDIA No part of this journal may be reprinted or reproduced without permission in writing from METHODOLOGICA the publisher, TNPU, Ukraine SM, No. 36, 2014 ISSN 2307-1222 BB 87.256: 60+87.256: 81 S 88

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

Prof. Dr. OLEG LESZCZAK Prof. Dr. ROMAN HROMYAK (UKRAINE) The Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce

EXECUTIVE EDITOR

(POLAND)

INTERNATIONAL EDITORIAL BOARD: Dr. IHOR PAPUSHA

Department of Literary theory and ComparaProf. Dr. MIROSLAV CHARKICH tive literature, Volodymyr Hnatyuk National Pedagogic University of Ternopil (UKRAINE) Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SERBIA)

EDITORIAL BOARD:

Prof. Dr. EDWARD KASPERSKI Prof. Dr. OLHA KUTSA Head of the Section of Comparative Studies at the Institute of Polish Literature UW Head of the Department of Literary theory and (POLAND) Comparative literature, Volodymyr Hnatyuk National Pedagogic University of Ternopil Prof. Dr. ALEKSANDR GLOTOV (UKRAINE) Department of Literary and Language Theory, Prof. Dr. NATALIA POPLAVSKA Ostroh Academy (UKRAINE) Head of the Department of Journalism, Prof. Dr. ELEONORA LASSAN Volodymyr Hnatyuk National Pedagogic University of Ternopil (UKRAINE) Vilnius University (LITHUANIA) Prof. Dr. VLADIMIR ZAIKA Prof. Dr. MYKOLA TKACHUK Department of Russian Language, Yaroslav Head of the Department of History of UkrainiMudryi State University of Novgorod an Literature, Volodymyr Hnatyuk National Pedagogic University of Ternopil (UKRAINE) (RUSSIA) Prof. Dr. TETYANA VIL

   

Studia methodologica 01.07.2010 . 1-05/5.

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Founded in 1993, Studia methodologica is the journal of methodological research. Studia methodologica publishes articles in literature theory, linguistics, and philosophy. It acts as a forum for the presentation and discussion of research and concepts.

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4 www. s t u di am et ho do l o gic a.c om.u a Studia methodologica, ISSN 2307-1222, No. 36. 2014 Ireneusz Kida. Greek New Testament text-types and earliest translations. Studia Methodologica. 2014; (36).

   

The paper discusses the different text types in which the Greek New Testament was written and their individual characteristics that distinguish one text-type from another. There are three major text types that can be enumerated here: the Byzantine, the Alexandrian and the Western text-type. It also concentrates upon the earliest translations of the Greek New Testament. The following are can be enumerated here: Old Syriac, Latin, Gothic, Coptic, Armenian, Georgian and Ethiopic.

1. GREEK NEW TESTAMENT TEXT-TYPES

Saifullah (2000)1 observes that in the early centuries of the expansion of Christian Churches the local texts of the New Testament gradually developed and started to be more and more different from one another. In and near the large cities such as Antioch, Alexandria, Rome, Carthage, Constantinople, and a number of others, the newly established Churches were provided with the copies of the scriptures in such forms that were current in these areas.

When Christianity was expanding, it was necessary to produce additional copies of manuscripts in order to keep up the pace with the demand, and in this way the number of special readings and renderings from a given locality would be both preserved, reinforced and spread.

Nowadays a total of 127 papyri manuscripts are known, the oldest of them being labeled P52 2, and 299 uncial (i.e. majuscule) parchment and velum3 manuscripts, which date from 4th through 10th centuries. As regards the original manuscripts of the New Testament books, on the basis of which the later copies of manuscripts were produced, they were most likely written on papyrus, but unfortunately lost at a very early date. Nevertheless, contemporary documents, which were discovered in the 19th and 20th centuries, provide a fairly clear idea of their probable form.

Modern scholars have identified the characteristics typical of the different manuscripts and classified them accordingly. Although it was often the case that mixed varieties of manuscripts appeared, the tendency to develop and preserve a peculiar type of the text prevailed in the earliest manuscripts over the tendencies leading to a mixture of texts. Following Metzger 1 http://www.islamic-awareness.



140 .


org/Bible/Text/Mss/textype.html 2 Scholz (2009) says that it is a tiny fragment of a papyrus manuscript (21 cm x 20 cm) and it is commonly dated around 125 CE. This fragment, considered by many scholars to hold the distinction of being the earliest manuscript evidence of the New Testament, is double-sided and contains John 18:31-33 on one side and John 18:37-38 on the other. In other words, it represents the section of Johns Gospel which depicts Jesus on trial before Pilate (John 18:28The difference between parchment and velum consists in that velum is calfskin, or similar fine skin, whereas parchment is is made from the more ordinary kinds of skin, but both types of writing material underwent the same treatment specified above.



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