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² 19 , 2004 . 139 576.895.122 .. Բֲ ϲ (LEPIDOPTERA, DIURNA) ֲ ...

-- [ 1 ] --

²

19 , 2004 . 139 576.895.122

..

Բֲ ϲ (LEPIDOPTERA,

DIURNA) ֲ Ҳ

.. (Lepidoptera, Diurna)

// . . . . . , 2004. 19. . 139-148.

, , . . , .

Kanarsky, Y. Classification of the community habitats of the butterflies (Lepidoptera, Diurna) and estimation of their species composition representitiveness // Proc. of the State Nat. Hist.

Museum. Lviv, 2004. 19. P. 139-148.

A classification scheme of the community habitats of butterflies based on ecological, synmorphological and phytosociological criteria is presented. The method of estimation of the community habitat quality by the affinity index of butterfly species composition is considered. It is shown that the use of this index on the ground of the suggested classification scheme allows to make a relative estimation of a habitat ability to maintain the inherent species diversity within the limits of a particular landscape ecosystem.

. [8].

(Lepidoptera, Diurna) , , , , , , , .

, , 40% , 1% [8].

, .. ( [1]).

, . , -, , [3, 6] - [4, 5]. , .

- , . [6]. , ( ) -, .

- [4] (. ), .

, , , , , , .

, , , . ϳ 쳺 - , .

, , .

, 㳺 - .

( - ) 28 , ᒺ 4 . .

[9].

. ˳ .

1. ó (shady lowland woods [4]; Auen- und Bruchwalder [6]). , .

: Alno-Ulmion, Alnion glutinosae.

2. ó (shady mountain woods p.p., shady highland woods ..

[4]; Moorrandwalder [6]). . :

Piceion abietis p.p. (Sphagno-Piceetum), Dicrano-Pinion p.p. (Piceo-Vaccinienion uliginosi).

3. (shady mountain woods p.p., shady highland woods .. [4]; Laubmischwalder [6]). ( ) . : Fagion sylvaticae, Tilio-Acerion pseudoplatani, Carpinion betuli.

... 141

4. (shady mountain woods p.p., shady highland woods ..

[4]; Nadelwalder [6]). . : Piceion abietis p.p., Dicrano-Pinion p.p. ( 2).

5. (dry open woodlands [4]; Trockenwalder [6]). 75%.

: Quercion robori-petraeae, Quercion pubescenti-petraeae, PotentilloQuercion petraeae, Erico-Pinion

6. dz (closed scrub [4]; Gebuschgesellschaften [6]). 50%. : Pruno-Rubion fruticosi, Berberidion.

. .

7. (old woodland clearings [4]; Schlagfluren [6]).

ͳ - 䳿 .

: Epilobion angustifolii, Atropion belladonnae, Sambuco-Salicion capreae.

8. - (mountain alluvia, wet ruderals [4];

feucht Gebush- und Saumgesellschaften p.p. [6]). . : Salicion elaeagni, Salicion albae, Convolvulion sepium, Senecion fluviatilis.

9. ó - (lowland clearings-coppice [4]; feucht Gebushund Saumgesellschaften p.p. [6]). , . : Filipendulion ulmariae; 1 16.

10. - (clearings in mountains, clearings in highlands, woodland margins [4]; mesophile Saumgesellschaften p.p. [6]). . : Aegopodion podagrariae;

3-4 17.




140 .


11. (cold forest-steppe [4]; mesophile Saumgesellschaften p.p. [6]). Fagetalia sylvaticae - 50%. : Trifolion medii; Pruno-Rubion fruticosi + Arrhenatherion elatioris p.p. (Anthyllidi-Trifolietum montani).

12. 볔 (warm forest-steppe [4]; trocken Gebusch- und Saumgesellschaften, Steppenheide [6]). - Quercetalia pubescentis 50%. : Geranion sanguinei, Prunion fruticosae;

Berberidion + Cirsio-Brachypodion pinnati.

II. , .

13. (alpine tundra [4]; subalpine Hochschtaudenfluren und Saumgesellschaften [6]). .

: Adenostylion alliariae, Calamagrostion villosae, Rhododendro-Vaccinion, Loiseleurio-Vaccinion; Salicetea herbaceae, Seslerietea variae, Juncetea trifidi.

14. (peat bogs [4]; Hochmoor-Komplexe [6]). - .

: Sphagnion magellanici, Rhynchosporion albae, Caricion lasiocarpae.

15. (eutrophic wetlands [4]; Niedermoore, Rhricht [6]). - .

.. : Phragmition australis, Magnocaricion elatae, Spargano-Glycerion fluitantis.

16. (boggy meadows [4]; Flachmoorwiesen, Feuchtwiesen [6]). - , . :. Caricion nigrae, Caricion davallianae, Molinion caeruleae, Calthion palustris, Alopecurion pratensis.

17. () (flowery mesic meadows, lowland pastures p.p.

[4]; Fettwiesen und Fettweiden [6]). . : Arrhenatherion elatioris p.p. (Arrhenatheretum elatioris, Poo-Festucetum rubrae), Polygono-Trisetion flavescentis, Cynosurion cristati.

18. - () i (mountain pastures, lowland pastures p.p. [4]; kalkarm Magerrasen [6]). - , . : Nardion strictae, Violion caninae, Calluno-Genistion.

19. (long-sward steppes, short-sward steppes [4];

Halbtrockenrasen, kalkreich Magerrasen und Trockenrasen [6]). dz . :

Festuco-Stipion, Cirsio-Brachypodion pinnati, Arrhenatherion elatioris p.p. (AnthyllidiTrifolietum montani).

20. (xeric rock and scree [4]; Felsfluren [6]).

. : Seslerio-Festucion duriusculae, Sedo-Scleranthion, AlyssoSedion.

21. (continental sands [4]; Sandrasen [6]).



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