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599+591.55(47) ̲ Ͳ . . 㳿 . ...

-- [ 1 ] --

ʳ (Equus przewalskii Pol., 1881): .

VI ̳ , 100-

-, 57 1999 .). . , 1999. Supplement 11.

599+591.55(47)

̲

Ͳ

. .

㳿 . , . 15, -30 , 01601, , ; zag@ ukr.net.

. . . . 5 , 50 % . (C. capreolus) , , (. ) . , .

: , , , , .

Changes in Ungulate fauna of Ukraine during historical time. Zagorodniuk I. V. Modern composition as well as trends and tendencies of the historical changes in large herbivores during last millennium were analyzed.

Modern aborigine fauna of Ungulates includes 5 species, that makes just 50 % of its initial list. Only C. capreolus was the regular component of regional fauna during all the time, whereas all the other species have extinct as the result of killing, of exclusion by foreign species (incl. domestic animals), or they restore their historical ranges due to re-introduction. Tempos of macrofauna reduction are in accordance with the technical progress and with the growth of the human population. Crisis state of fauna as a whole as well as that of the steppe fauna heart is a direct results of the above-mentioned process.

K e y w o r d s : mammals, ungulates, fauna, historical changes, Ukraine.

(ϳ, 1951), ˳ (, 1992 .). -- . (, , ) , - . 㳿 (, ˳ ).

. ( ) , .

1. Table 1.

Species of aborigine Ungulates on the territory of Ukraine in historical times

   

( Ungulata L.) (Equiformes: Equidae) (Cerviformes: Suidae, Cervidae, Bovidae). 10 , 10 4 (. 1). , () , . ˳, () , () , .

(.: , 1998). , , . (1960), . (1938) , ., . (1920) . (1965) , .. . , , . . (1997) .

Equidae. (ϳ, 1951;

, 1961; ʳ, 1983), . 16 . ( ), ( ) 19 . (, 1955; , 1997), () 2 (, 1997). , . (, 1972), 135 (. 119), , 136 (, , 1997). , .

: (1) , (2) , (3) . , , ( ) , ղ .

Suidae. () , ( ., 1961) .

20 . (, 1938). 3 (?).

1 , . E. sylvestris, E. gmelini E. tarpan (, 1955).

"" " , , , "kome" (), ' (, ( ) ) (, , "", ). , , , , ("").

(, , 1997).

Cervidae. , . (ʳ, 1966 .) 20 . (, 1938). ³ (, ) ( ) (, 1961). . (1915), ( ), C. pygargus 4. (Cervus dama), (Cervus nippon) (, 1995 .).

Bovidae. 18 . (, , ) . (, , , 5) - (ϳ, 1951; , 1993). - (, , 1976 .) (Ovis musimon) (, 1994).




140 .


. 10 , , ' (. 1).

, - (, , ), (ϳ, 1951; , 1993), .

. . 1.

. . , , , .

   

; (, 1992). , ' ( ) C. pygargus, C. capreolus C. pygargus.

, () (. , . .).

2. II ( ) Table 2.

Ungulate species in Ukraine territory during centuries of the II millennium

   

1 , 1617 . (. 2). , , . . (1938), , , , (Alces alces) (Cervus elaphus) , , (Sus scrofa) (Capreolus capreolus) . 50- (, 1960; , 1995).

, , (, 1997). - , .

(: , 1960) ( ) .

   

6 ( ) . . (1997); 21 ( 1999 . 4 : . , . .).



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